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Energy Regulatory Office (ERO)                        


Basic Information:


Energy Regulatory Office (ERO)

Established in


Organizational structure

The President of ERO is appointed by the Prime Minister for a 5-year term in office. The ERO consists of a head office and 8 branch offices. The Office is managed by President, Vice-President and Director General. There are following organizational units at ERO: Department of Electricity and Heat Markets, Department of Gaseous and Liquid Fuels Markets. Department of Markets Development and Consumer Issues, Department of Support Systems, Department of Legal Issues and Dispute Settlement, Department of Strategy and Public Communication, Office of the Director General, International Cooperation Unit and Smart Grids Development Unit, Position for the Protection of Classified Information and Internal Auditor.

Number of Commissioners


Number of staff

322 (on 31 December 2015)


Is financed through the state budget which is approved by the Parliament.


Is responsible for licensing enterprises in the gas, electricity, district heating and liquid fuels sectors; tariff approval; establishing quality of service standards; consumer rights protection; promoting competition; issuing and redeeming certificates of origin for electricity generated from RES and CHP and energy efficiency.


Independence: The President of ERO is supervised by the Prime Minister but the Prime Minister does not interfere in the decision making process. The President of ERO is obliged to report annually to the Ministry of Economy on the scope of ERO’s activities and realisation of its tasks and duties.

Appeal process: decisions of the President of ERO are subject to appeal to the District Court in Warsaw – anti-monopoly court (within 2 weeks from the date of receipt of the decision).

Legal basis

Energy Law, secondary legislation.


 Market Information - 2015:


38 mln

GDP/ Per Capita (PPP)

USD 26,402.840 (IMF estimates)


161 772 GWh

Combustible fuel: 139 640 GWh

Renewable: 10 114 GWh


161 438 GWh

Installed capacity

40 445 MW

Peak demand

25 101MW

Natural Gas Consumed


Natural Gas Imported

122,8 TWh

Natural Gas Domestic Production

43,5 TWh

Electricity Market Structure

·        generation based mainly on hard coal and lignite; continued growth of RES in electricity generation is observed

·        several generators active on the market, but three biggest capital groups (PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna S.A., TAURON Polska Energia SA and ENEA SA) hold more than half of domestic installed capacities and are responsible for less than 60% of electricity generation

·        1 transmission system operator (TSO) – PSE SA (Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne SA), state-owned joint-stock company, certified under OU (ownership unbundling) model

·        5 biggest legally unbundled DSOs and 164 companies performing the function of DSOs, which operate within vertically integrated companies and do not fall under unbundling obligation

·        5 default suppliers, more than 100 alternative suppliers who sells electricity to end-users, and 164 suppliers functioning within vertically integrated energy companies

·       17,05 m electricity consumers, including households (15,4 m)

Natural Gas Market Structure

·        1 transmission system operator – GAZ SYSTEM SA, state-owned joint-stock company; certified under OU model (with regard to company’s network) and under ISO model (with regard to the Polish section of Yamal pipeline)

·        1 gas exchange operating day-ahead market, intraday market and commodity forward instruments market with physical delivery

·        at the end of 2014 172 entities held a licence for trade in gaseous fuels, whereas 63 energy companies actively participated in gas trading

·        1 big DSO PSG Sp. z o.o. (owned by PGNiG SA capital group) and 51 local distribution system operators

·       1 major gas supplier PGNiG Obrót Detaliczny Sp. z o.o. (entity separated from PGNiG SA capital group; market share – 80,22%) and several alternative suppliers

Current Energy Issues

·       Implementation of ACER opinion on transmission capacity allocation in CEE region

·       Market integration at regional level

·       Further gas market liberalization

·       Customer empowerment and protection

·       Introduction of quality regulation - DSOs

·       REMIT


Contact Information:
Address: Al. Jerozolimskie 181, 02-222 Warsaw, Poland
Tel.: (48 22) 487 55 70 | Fax: (48 22) 489 16 60




  Org. Chart of ERO


  Activity Report


  Tariff Methodology