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Renewables Section of the ERRA website Library




ERRA 10 Years Anniversary





Energy tariff data









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Energy Regulatory Office (ERO)                        
Key Statistics (2012)
Population 38 mln
GDP/Capita USD 25,105.404 (IMF estimates)

156 567 GWh
Combustible fuel: 137 770 GWh
Renewable: 7 257 GWh

Cibsumption 158 734 GWh
Installed capacity 38 121 MW
Peak demand 25 535 MW
Natural Gas Consumed NA
Natural Gas Imported 121 TWh
Natural Gas Domestic Production 44,3 TWh
Established in 1997
Organizational structure

The President of ERO is appointed by the Prime Minister for a 5-year term in office. The ERO consists of a head office and 8 branch offices. The Office is managed by President, Vice-President and Director General. There are following organizational units at ERO: Department of Electricity and Heat Markets, Department of Gaseous and Liquid Fuels Markets. Department of Markets Development and Consumer Issues, Department of Support Systems, Department of Legal Issues and Dispute Settlement, Department of Strategy and Public Communication, Office of the Director General, International Cooperation Unit and Smart Grids Development Unit.

Number of Commissioners -
Number of staff 309
Budget Is financed through the state budget which is approved by the Parliament.
Responsibilities Is responsible for licensing enterprises in the gas, electricity, district heating and liquid fuels sectors; tariff approval; establishing quality of service standards; consumer rights protection; promoting competition; issuing and redeeming certificates of origin for electricity generated from RES and CHP and energy efficiency.

Independence: The President of ERO is supervised by the Prime Minister but the Prime Minister does not interfere in the decision making process. The President of ERO is obliged to report annually to the Ministry of Economy on the scope of ERO’s activities and realisation of its tasks and duties.

Appeal process: decisions of the President of ERO are subject to appeal to the District Court in Warsaw – anti-monopoly court (within 2 weeks from the date of receipt of the decision).
Legal basis Energy Law, secondary legislation.

Industry and Market Structure:

Electricity Market Structure:

  • generation based mainly on hard coal and lignite; continued growth of RES in electricity generation is observed
  • several generators active on the market, but three biggest capital groups (PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna S.A., TAURON Polska Energia SA and ENEA SA) hold more than half of domestic installed capacities and are responsible for less than 60% of electricity generation
  • 1 transmission system operator (TSO) – PSE SA (Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne SA), state-owned joint-stock company, certified under OU (ownership unbundling) model
  • 5 biggest legally unbundled DSOs and 161 companies performing the function of DSOs, which operate within vertically integrated companies and do not fall under unbundling obligation
  • 5 default suppliers, more than 100 alternative suppliers who sells electricity to end-users, and 161 suppliers functioning within vertically integrated energy companies
  • 16,9 m electricity consumers, including households (14 m)

Natural Gas Market Structure:

  • 1 transmission system operator – GAZ SYSTEM SA, state-owned joint-stock company; certified under OU model (with regard to company’s network) - the certification process regarding the polish section of Yamal pipeline is pending
  • at the end of 2014 141 entities held a licence for trade in gaseous fuels, whereas 59 energy companies actively participated in gas trading
  • 1 big DSO PSG Sp. z o.o. (owned by PGNiG SA capital group) and several dozen local distribution system operators (about 49) which networks are connected to the network of PSG Sp. z o.o. or to TSO’s network
  • 1 major gas supplier PGNiG Obrót Detaliczny Sp. z o.o. (entity separated from PGNiG SA capital group) and several alternative suppliers

Current issues

  • Certification of gas TSO under ISO model (Yamal pipeline)
  • Cross-border cost allocation for PCI projects
  • Market integration at regional level
  • Further gas market liberalization
  • Customer empowerment and protection

Contact Information:
Address: Al. Jerozolimskie 181, 02-222 Warsaw, Poland
Tel.: (48 22) 487 55 70 | Fax: (48 22) 489 16 60




  Org. Chart of ERO


  Activity Report


  Tariff Methodology