Course Programme

The course aims to provide participants with an in-depth understanding of the different sources of flexibility in the power system, market trends, flexibility services, barriers to flexibility and related regulatory solutions. Participants will learn how regulation can support flexibility in the power system, and how the regulatory and legal framework can be setup for this purpose. The course covers both transmission and distribution flexibility issues, barriers and solutions, and explains the importance of flexibility in operating the power system. The course is designed to ensure the active engagement of the students via individual project work relevant for their professional activities, and class interaction with the other students.

Student's testimonials:

Video testimonial by
Ms. Diana Borotea, ANRE, Romania

Video testimonial by
Ms. Mayssa Rouag, CREG, Algeria


start: February 22
start: March 01
start: March 08

Setting the scene on flexibility and battery storage:

  • Role of flexibility in the power system
  • Technology and market trends for flexibility, costs and responsiveness comparison
  • Drivers of flexibility demand at distribution and transmission level
  • Flexibility technology and market trends

Barriers to flexibility:

  • Market design and direct regulation barriers
  • Barriers from ancillary services and support mechanisms for renewables
  • Barriers from grid and aggregation rules
  • Barriers from tariffs and grid charges
  • Metering and grid rules charges

Regulatory solutions to barriers:

  • Market design solutions (flexibility and balancing markets)
  • Capacity market design solutions
  • End-user tariffs
  • Flexibility procurement platforms (distribution) and transmission-distribution level collaboration
  • New sources of flexibility (EVs, smart homes, smart charging) – regulatory angles
Additionally on WEEK 2:  

Wednesday, March 3, will be dedicated to a specialized, technical
workshop provided by Energy Exemplar:

Modelling and Optimizing Flexibility across Sources and Markets

Aim of the Workshop

Topics to be elaborated:

Provide participants with an in-depth understanding of the practical issues with regards to flexibility in the power system and in particular in Modelling and Optimizing with PLEXOS the different sources and technologies of power systems flexibility provision, as well as how these are linked with flexibility markets’ and the associated market products.

  1. A Practical introduction in Modelling Flexibility in PLEXOS
  2. Modelling & Optimizing the Flexibility provision by different sources and technologies and in different Markets in PLEXOS
  3. Modelling & Optimizing Flexibility provision in Different Markets



Cristiano Francese

Course Director

Manager - Trainer - Lecturer

Tahir Kapetanovic

Head of National Control Centre

Austrian Power Grid AG

Robert Gehrcke

Senior consultant

Nord Pool Consulting AS

Christos Papadopoulos

Vice-President, Solutions (EMEA)

Energy Exemplar


Proposed average weekly engagement: 10-12 hours
Instructor-led real-time recorded presentations Online Tutoring Weekly Assignments Final Test

The training is based on a self-paced collaborative e-learning platform that features a combination of real-time interactive presentations by the instructors, online tutoring at pre-announced times, reading material related to the course modules and weekly assignments.

The course will run for 3 weeks with the following weekly sequence:

Day 1:
Real-time presentations on the presented materials. Presentations will be followed by Q&A sessions. Presentations will be recorded and made available to those who could not join the real-time presentations. Distribution of weekly assignments.

Day 2:
Online tutoring for volunteers.

Day 3:
Self-paced work.

Days 4-5:
Student’s presentations.

Day 5 (of last week):
Final test and submission of final assignment (paper).


5 CER credits will be awarded to those participants who have submitted all 4 weekly assignments and have successfully passed the final test. For more information on the ERRA Certified Energy Regulator Programme please refer to: