10 Questions to Ask about Integrated Resources Planning

Ensuring an affordable and reliable supply of energy is a concern of national governments around the world. Because electricity sector projects are so capital intensive and can significantly impact the local environment and society, they must be considered as part of a national plan that recognizes the connections between the electricity
sector and the broader economic, social, environmental, and political contexts, as well as other sectors like manufacturing and transportation. Many governments have embedded a dedicated electricity plan into a larger plan, called an Integrated Resources Plan (IRP). When applied to the power sector, an IRP is an approach that meets the estimated long term requirements for electricity services during a specified period with a least-cost combination of supply and enduse efficiency measures, while incorporating concerns such as equity, environmental protection, reliability, and other country-specific goals.2 The purpose of an IRP is to minimize present and future costs of meeting energy requirements while considering impacts on utilities, government, and society.

Dixit, S., A. Chitnis, B. Jairaj, S. Martin, D. Wood, and A. Kundu. 2014. “10 Questions to Ask About Integrated
Resources Planning.” Working Paper. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute.


Chitnis, Ashwini; Dixit, Shantanu; Jairaj, Kundu, Amrita; Bharath; Martin, Sarah; Wood, Davida

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